APEC领导人发展战略

WOMENAPECGECHENGYUANLINGDAORENDUIYIXIADEFAZHANZHANLVEDACHENGYIZHIYIJIAN:

1. 制定一个符合经济环境变化的发展战略:

APECGECHENGYUANJINGJITIGONGTONGNULI,TONGGUOCUJINZIYOUHEKAIFANGDEMAOYIYUTOUZIYIJIJIAQIANGQUNEIJINGJIYITIHUA,WEIYATAIDIQUWUKEBINIDEZENGZHANGYIJIKUAISUDEJINGJIFAZHANZUOCHULEJUDADEGONGXIAN。APECGEJINGJITIXIANZAIDEXIANGHULIANXIHEXIANGHURONGHEYIJINGDADAOQIANSUOWEIYOUDECHENGDU。MAOYIHETOUZIZIYOUHUAHEBIANLIJIANGJIXUZUOWEIYATAIDIQUFAZHANDEZHUYAOTUIDONGLILIANG。

MUQIANMINGXIANDESHI,APECCHENGYUANBUNENGZAIJIXUYIQIANDEFAZHANBUDIAO,BINGQIE“FAZHANDEZHILIANG”XUYAOTIGAO,YINCIFAZHANJIANGSHIGENGJIAJUNHENG、BAORONG、KECHIXU、CHUANGXINYIJIANQUAN。ZHEIZAIWOMENZHUIQIUAPECDEHEXINMUBIAOQIJIANFEICHANGBIYAO。JINNIAN,ZAIHENGBEI,WOMENZHONGSHENDUIDACHENGQIANGJING、KECHIXUHEJUNHENGDESHIJIEJINGJIFAZHANDEZHICHI,TONGSHITONGYIZHIDINGAPECFAZHANZHANLVE,CONGERBANGZHUQUEBAOYATAIDIQUDEFAZHANHEJINGJIYITIHUASHIKECHIXUDE,BINGQIEYOUGEGUORENMINGONGXIANGCHENGGUO。APECFAZHANZHANLVEZHUANZHUYUWUGEJINGJIFAZHANFANGMIANDEYAOSU,CIWAIHAIJUYOUYIGEXINGDONGJIHUAYIYINDAOAPECJIQICHENGYUANDEGONGZUOFUHEZHEIXIEMUBIAO。

2. 五个发展要素

APECXIANGNENGGOUDACHENGJUNHENG、BAORONG、KECHIXU、CHUANGXINHEANQUANDEZENGZHANG。ZHEIWUDADIQUFAZHANYAOSUJIANSHENSHENDILIANXI。

JUNHENGZENGZHANG:WOMENXIWANGJIEZHUGEZHONGHUANMANJIANSHAOBUPINGHENGBINGTIGAOQIANZAICHANCHUDEHONGGUANJINGJIZHENGCEHEJIEGOUGAIGE,SHIXIANJINGJITINEIDEFAZHAN。

TONGGUOZHIXINGTESHUDECAIZHENGCUOSHIYIJIKUAISUFANGKAIHUOBIZHENGCE,APECGEJINGJITIZAIQUANQIUJINRONGHEJINGJIWEIJIDEWENDINGZHONGBANYANLEZHONGYAODEJIAOSE。APECZHICHIG20QUANQIUXIEDIAODEJIAOSE,BINGYISHIDAOWEICHIYIZENGZHANGWEIMUBIAODEZHENGCEDEZHONGYAOXING。

ZHANWANGWEILAI,APECJIUAINEIGEZHUANZHUYUDACHENGYIGEQIANGDA、KECHIXUHEJUNHENGDEHONGGUANJINGJIHUANJING。APECDEGUIMOHEHUOLI,JIASHANGZAIJIANLIGONGSHIYIJIZHIXINGZHANGQIXIANGMUFANGMIANDEYOUSHI,SHIAPECZAIGONGGUG20YOUGUANJUNHENGFAZHANDEYICHENGFANGMIANCHUYUYOUQIYOULIDEDIWEI。WEILAIWOMENJIANGJINXINGYIXIAFANGMIANDEGONGZUO:1)GULIJINGJITIJIANJUNHENGFAZHAN;2)GULIJINGJITINEIBUJUNHENGFAZHAN;3)TONGGUOJICHUSHESHIFAZHANCUJINZENGZHANG。

BAORONGXINGFAZHAN:WOMENXUNQIUQUEBAODIQUNEISUOYOUDERENMINDOUXIANGYOUCANYUQUANQIUJINGJIFAZHAN、XIANGQUANQIUJINGJIFAZHANZUOCHUGONGXIANYIJICONGQUANQIUJINGJIFAZHANZHONGSHOUYIDEJIHUI。

BAORONGXINGFAHUIZAINEIWEISUOYOURENCHUANGZAOJIHUIYIXIANGSHOUJINGJIFAZHANDEHAOCHU。TUIGUANGNENGGOUTUOKUANXIANGSHOUZHEIXIEJIHUIDETUJINGYIJISHIRENMENYISHIDAOTAMENQUANBUQIANLIDEZHENGCEHEXIANGMUJIANGDAILAIGENGDADEJINGJIFAZHAN、GENGDUODESHENGCHANXINGJIUYEJIHUIYIJIGENGDUODEXINGFU,CONGERJIANGTIGAOGONGZHONGDUIZIYOUHEKAIFANGDEMAOYIYUTOUZIDEZHICHI,ZUIZHONGCHUANGZAOGENGDUODEXINXUQIUYIJIJIUYE。

WEICI,WOMENXUYAOJINXINGJIEGOUXINGDEDIAOZHENG,APECYINGDANGZHICHIZENGJIAGONGRENCONGDIQUJINGJIYITIHUAZHONGSHOUYIDEJIHUI。ZAIJIUYEXIANGMU、PEIXUN、JISHUSHENGJI、JIAOYUHESHEHUIANQUANWANGDEJIAQIANGDOUJIANGHUIZENGJIAJIUYE,BANGZHUCHUANGZAOGAOZHILIANGDEZHIWEI,BINGQUEBAOZHANGQIDEJINGJIANQUAN。

TONGSHI,YIXIAFANGMIANYEYOUZHEZHONGYAODEYIYI:WEIZHONGXIAOXINGQIYEGAISHANSHANGYEHUANJING、WEIXIAOXINGQIYEDENGSHICHANGZUICUIRUOBUFENZENGJIARONGZIQUDAO、YIJITONGGUOGENGHAODEJIAOYU、PEIXUNHEJIUYEXIANGMUWEINIANQINGREN、LAONIANREN、FUNVDENGQIANZAIDERUOSHI、BIANYUANHUAQUNTICHUANGZAOZUGOUDEJIHUI。

ZHANWANGWEILAI,APECJIANGTONGGUOYIXIAXINGWEIZHUANZHUYUTUIGUANGBAORONGXINGFAZHANFANGMIANDENULI:1)CUJINZENGJIAJIUYE、RENLIZIYUANKAIFAYIJIJIJIDELAODONGLISHICHANGZHENGCE;2)CUJINZHONGXIAOXINGQIYE、XIAOXINGQIYEHECHUANGYEDEFAZHAN;3)TUIDONGGENGDUOJINXINGRONGZIDEBAORONGXINGQUDAO;4)TONGGUOGAIJINSHEHUIANQUANWANGJIYIZHICHIRUOSHIQUNTIDENGBANFATIGAOSHEHUIHUIFULIYIJISHEHUIFULI;5)WEIFUNV、LAORENHERUOSHIQUNTICHUANGZAOXINDEJINGJIJIHUI;6)TUIGUANGLVYOUFAZHAN。

KECHIXUDEFAZHAN:WOMENXUNQIUDESHIYUQUANQIUZAIBAOHUHUANJINGHEXIANGLVSEJINGJIGUODUFANGMIANDENULIXIANGYIZHIDEFAZHAN。

XIANGGENGJIAKECHIXUHELVSEDEJINGJIFAZHANMOSHIZHUANBIANDUIAPECGEJINGJITILAISHUOSHITIAOZHANYUJIYUBINGCUNDE。ZHEIDUIYATAIDIQUFAZHANGENGJIAJIEYUENENGYUANDEJINGJITIYOUZHEFEICHANGZHONGYAODEYIYI。ZAIMANZUNENGYUANXUQIUBINGJIANGXIAOJIHUANJINGHOUGUOJIANGDAOZUIDIDEGUOCHENGZHONG,APECGEJINGJITIMIANLINYANZHONGDETIAOZHAN。

APECGEJINGJITIYINGGAIGULIXINDELVSECHANYEHEJIUYE,BAOKUOTUICHUYISHICHANGWEIJICHUDEJIZHI,CONGERDADAOKECHIXUFAZHANHEJIEJUEQIHOUBIANHUAWENTI。APECYINGDANGBANGZHUJIANLIYIGEDITANDESHEHUI,ZAIWEICHIJINGJIFAZHANDETONGSHIBAOHUHUANJING。WOMENKEYITONGGUOCUJINQINGJIENENGYUANJISHUHEXITONGYISHIXIANZHEIYIMUBIAO,BAOKUOJIANSHAOZAIJIENENGCHANPINFANGMIANDEMAOYIHETOUZIDEBILEI、JINXINGGUOJIJIANDELIANHEYANJIU、TUIDONGZHENGFUHESIRENDEHEZUOYIJIWEIJIENENG、DITANDENENGYUANGONGJI、JIANZHU、YUNSHUDENGDETOUZITIGONGSHIDANGDEJIANGLI。

SHIYINGQIHOUBIANHUADEYINGXIANGYEJUYOUZHONGYAOYIYI。ZAIBUTONGJINGJITIZHONGBUTONGDEQINGKUANGYAOQIUCAIQUBUTONGDEYINGBIANSHOUDUAN。APECZHONGSUOYOUXIANGGUANDEGEFANG,BAOKUOKEXUEJIA、ZHENGCEZHIDINGZHEYIJIQITALIYIXIANGGUANFANGYINCIYINGGAIGONGTONGCANYUKAIFAJIEJUEGAIWENTISUOBIXUDEFANGAN。

ZHANWANGWEILAI,APECJIANGTONGGUOYIXIAXINGWEIZHUANZHUYUCUJINKECHIXUFAZHANFANGMIANDENULI:1)TIGAONENGYUANANQUANYIJITUIGUANGJIENENGHEDITANDEZHENGCE;2)FAZHANDITANNENGYUANLINGYU;3)GAIJINHUANJINGCHANPINJIFUWU(EGS)DETUJINGYIJIFAZHANHUANJINGCHANPINJIFUWULINGYU;4)CUJINLVSEJIUYEJIAOYUHEPEIXUN;5)CUJINLVSECHANYEHESHENGCHANGUOCHENGDESIRENTOUZI;6)CUJINNONGYEHEZIRANZIYUANDEBAOHUYIJIGENGJIAKECHIXUDEGUANLI

CHUANGXINFAZHAN:WOMENXUNQIUCHUANGZAOYIGECUJINCHUANGXINHEXINXINGJINGJILINGYUDEJINGJIHUANJING。

DUIYUWEILAIDEFANRONG,CAINANENGGOUFUZHICHUANGXINXINGZENGZHANGHUANJINGDEZHENGCEXIANDEYUELAIYUEZHONGYAO。JISHUTUPOYIJIXINXITONGXINJISHUZUOWEIJINGJIFAZHANDEZHUYAOFADONGJIZAIJINGJIFAZHANZHONGBANYANZHEZHONGYAOJIAOSE,XINCHANPINHEFUWUZHONGDECHUANGXINNENGGOUTIGAOZHONGYAODEQUANQIUWENTIDEGAISHAN,BAOKUOHUANJING、NENGYUAN、YUNSHU、NONGYE、JIANKANGHULI、WULIU、XINGZHENGFUWUHEJIAOYU。

ZHANWANGWEILAI,APECJIANGTONGGUOYIXIAXINGWEIZHUANZHUYUZAICUJINCHUANGXINFAZHANFANGMIANDENULI:1)TONGGUOXINXITONGXINJISHUYINGYONGSHIXIANZHINENGSHEHUIJINGJIHUODONG;2)TUIDONGSHUZICHANYEDEFANRONG;3)FAZHANYIGEZHANGWOJISHU、YINGBIANNENGLIQIANGHEZHUANYEDEAPECLAODONGQUNTI;4)TIGAOZAICHUANGXINZHENGCEFANGMIANDEDUIHUAHEXINXIGONGXIANG;5)TONGGUOGAOXIAO、QUANMIANHEJUNHENGDEZHISHICHANQUANXITONGCUJINCHUANGXINHECHUANGZAOLI;6)TUIDONGZAIBIAOZHUNFANGMIANDEHEZUO;7)CUJINZAISHENGMINGKEXUEFANGMIANDECHUANGXIN。

ANQUANDEFAZHAN:WOMENXUNQIUBAOHUDIQUNEIRENMINDEJINGJIHESHENTIJIANKANG,BINGTIGONGJINGJIHUODONGSUOBIXUDEANQUANHUANJING。

JIBING、KONGBUZHUYIHEFUBAIJIANGJIANGDIJINGJISHENGCHANLIBINGRAOLUANSHANGYEHEMAOYI,CONGERYINGXIANGWOMENSUOYOURENMINDEJINGJIHESHENTIJIANKANG。APECZAITIGAOCHENGYUANJINGJITIDENENGLIYIJIANGZIRANHERENWEIFENGXIANJIANGDAOZUIDIFANGMIANCHUYUDUTEDEDIWEI。

ZHANWANGWEILAI,APECJIANGTONGGUOYIXIAXINGWEIZHUANZHUYUZAICUJINANQUANDEFAZHANFANGMIANDENULI:1)FANDUIKONGBUZHUYIBINGBAOHUMAOYI;2)WEIJINJIQINGKUANGHEZIRANZAIHAIZUOZHUNBEIPA;3)ZENGQIANGDUICHUANRANXINGJIBINGDEZHUNBEIHEDUIFEICHUANRANXINGJIBINGDEKONGZHI,TONGSHIJIAQIANGWEISHENGTITONG;4)DAJIFUBAIBINGTIGAOTOUMINGDU。

3. APEC发展战略的行动计划

(1) YITIHUAGONGZUOYUANSUDEFAZHANYIJIAPECFAZHANZHANLVEDEZHIXING

BENXINGDONGJIHUAZHIXIADESUOYOUXIANGGUANXIANGMUYINGDANGLIYONGAPECDEBIJIAOXINGYOUSHIYIJIGEZHONGBEIZHENGSHILEDECHENGGONGTUJING。APECGAOJIGUANYUANYINGDANGZAIZHIXINGGAIJIHUADEGUOCHENGZHONGBANYANZHONGYANG、XIEDIAOHEZHIYINDEJIAOSE。ZHEIGEZHIXINGAPECFAZHANZHANLVEDEXINGDONGJIHUABAOKUOYIXIAZHONGYAODEGONGZUOYUANSU:a.JIEGOUGAIGE;b.RENLIZIYUANHECHUANGYEFAZHAN;c.LVSEFAZHAN;d.YIZHISHIWEIJICHUDEJINGJI;e.RENLEIANQUAN。

(2) ZHANGQIGENJINHEZHIXING

WEILEQUEBAOZHANGQIGENJINHEBENZHANLVEDEZHIXING,APECGAOJIGUANYUANYINGDANGZUODAOYIXIAFANGMIAN:a.ZHIXINGAPECFAZHANZHANLVEDEXINGDONGJIHUA,DUIAPECDEXIANGGUANGONGZUOXIANGMUJINXINGNIANDUFAZHANSHENCHABINGZAIGONGZUOXIANGMUZHONGZUOCHURENHEYOUXUYAODEDIAOZHENG,CONGERJIANGAPECCUJINWUGEFAZHANYAOSUFANGMIANDENULIZUIDAHUA;b.YUXIANGGUANDEGUOJITAOLUNHUIHEKUAGUOJIGOUJINXINGZHANGQIDEHEZUO,YIQUEBAOAPECFAZHANZHANLVEYUQUANQIUDENULIBAOCHIYIZHI;c.ZAI205NIANXIANGGEGUOLINGDAORENBAOGAOAPECZAICUJINAPECFAZHANZHANLVEFANGMIANSUOQUDEDEJINBU。DAONEISHIHOU,GEGUOLINGDAORENKENENGDUIGAIZHANLVEDEWEILAIFANGXIANGZUOCHUKAOLV。

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