亚太经济合作组织(APEC)

一、成立背景

YATAIJINGJIHEZUOZUZHI(JIANCHENGYATAIJINGHEZUZHI,YINGWENWEIAsia-Pacific Economic Cooperation,JIANCHENG APEC)CHENGLIYU1989NIAN。

2OSHIJI80NIANDAIMO,LENGZHANJIESHU,GUOJIXINGSHIQUXIANGHUANHE,JINGJIYINSUZAIGUOJIGUANXIZHONGDEDIWEISHANGSHENG;SHIJIEJINGJIQUANQIUHUA、MAOYITOUZIZIYOUHUAHEQUYUJITUANHUADEQUSHIJIANCHENGCHAOLIU;OUZHOUJINGJIYITIHUAJINCHENGJIAKUAI,BEIMEIZIYOUMAOYIQUYIXIANCHUXING;YUCITONGSHI,YATAIDIQUZHENGZHIXIANGDUIWENDING,JINGJICHENGGAOSUZENGZHANG,ZAISHIJIEJINGJIZHONGDEBIZHONGMINGXIANSHANGSHENG。MIANDUIDONGYADEJUEQIHEOUZHOUDERIJIANQIANGDA,MEIGUODIAOZHENGLEQIDUIWAIJINGJIZHENGCE,TICHULEJIAQIANGYATAIDIQUJINGJIHEZUODESHEXIANG,YUYIYATAIWEIYITUOKANGHENGOUZHOUBINGQIANZHIRIBEN。RIBENZEYUPINGJIEQIJINGJISHILI,QUELIZIJIZAIYATAIDEZHONGYAODIWEI,YUMEIOUXINGCHENGSANZUDINGLIZHISHI。DONGMENGDUIRIJIANZENGZHANGDEMAOYIBAOHUZHUYISHENGANYOULV,TANQIUWEIHUZISHENLIYIDETUJING,JIAZHIDANGSHI“WULAGUIHUIHE”TANPANKUNNANZHONGZHONG,QUANQIUMAOYITIZHIQIANTUWEIBU,JIAQIANGHEZUO、HUXIANGXIEDIAOYICHENGWEIGEFANGDEGONGSHI。JINGUANCIQIANXIANGJICHENGLILETAIPINGYANGPENDIJINGJIWEIYUANHUI(PBEC)HETAIPINGYANGJINGJIHEZUOLISHIHUI(PECC),DANTAMENDOUQUEFAZUGOUDEQUANWEIXING。ZAICIXINGSHIXIA,APECBIANYINGYUNERSHENG。

1989NIAN1YUE,AODALIYAZONGLIHUOKEFANGWENHANGUO,TICHULE“HANCHENGCHANGYI”,JIANYIZHAOKAIBUZHANGJIHUIYI,TAOLUNJIAQIANGYATAIDIQUJINGJIHEZUOWENTI。JINGYUYOUGUANGUOJIACUOSHANG,SHOUJIEBUZHANGHUIYIYU1989NIAN11YUE6RI——7RIZAIAOSHOUDOUKANPEILAJUXING,AODALIYA、MEIGUO、JIANADA、RIBEN、HANGUO、XINXILANHEDANGSHIDONGMENGLIUGUODEWAIJIAOHEJINGJIBUZHANGCANJIALEHUIYI,YATAIJINGHEZUZHI(APEC)ZHENGSHICHENGLI。

二、现有成员

APECXIANYOU21GECHENGYUAN,FENBIESHIZHONGGUO、AODALIYA、WENLAI、JIANADA、ZHILI、ZHONGGUOXIANGGANG、YINDUNIXIYA、RIBEN、HANGUO、MOXIGE、MALAIXIYA、XINXILAN、BABUYAXINJINEIYA、MILU、FEILVBIN、ELUOSI、XINJIAPO、ZHONGGUOTAIWAN、TAIGUO、MEIGUOHEYUENAN,1997NIANWENGEHUALINGDAORENHUIYIXUANBUAPECJINRUSHINIANGONGGUQI,ZANBUJIENAXINCHENGYUAN。CIWAI,APECHAIYOU3GEGUANCHAYUAN,FENBIESHIDONGMENGMISHUCHU、TAIPINGYANGJINGJIHEZUOLISHIHUIHETAIPINGYANGDAOGUOLUNTAN。

三、成就与特点

APECCHENGLIYILAIQUDEDECHENGJIUTIXIANZAIMAOYIHETOUZIZIYOUHUA、MAOYIHETOUZIBIANLIHUAHEJINGJIJISHUHEZUOSANGEFANGMIAN。

1、 ZAIMAOYIHETOUZIZIYOUHUAFANGMIAN

1994NIAN11YUEZAIYINNIMAOWUNIANHUISHANG,TONGGUOLEBIAOZHIZHEDIQUMAOYIHETOUZIZIYOUHUAZHONGYAOCHENGGUODE《MAOWUXUANYAN》,XUANYANTICHULESHIXIANAPECMAOYIHETOUZIZIYOUHUADESHIJIANBIAO,JIFADACHENGYUANBUWANYU2010NIAN,FAZHANZHONGCHENGYUANBUWANYU2020NIANWANQUANSHIXIANZHEIYIMUBIAO。MAOWUHUIYIHAITONGGUOLE《YATAIJINGJIHEZUOZUZHIFEIYUESHUXINGTOUZIYUANZE》。

1995NIAN11YUEZAIRIBENDABANTONGGUOLE《ZHIXINGMAOWUXUANYANDEDABANXINGDONGYICHENG》,SHIAPECSHIXIANMAOYIHETOUZIZIYOUHUAMUBIAOYOULEBAOZHANG。《DABANXINGDONGYICHENG》TICHULESHISHIMAOYIHETOUZIZIYOUHUAHEBIANLIHUAMUBIAODE9XIANGYUANZE、15GEJUTILINGYUJIQIJITIXINGDONGJIHUAHEZONGDEZHIXINGKUANGJIA。GECHENGYUANZEXUANDULE“SHOUCITOURU”FANGAN,1996NIANQISHIXING。

1996NIANZAIFEILVBINSUWUZHAOKAIDEAPECGAOGUANHUIYISHANG,GECHENGYUANFENBIETIJIAOLESHISHIZIYOUHUADEDANBIANXINGDONGJIHUA,BINGLIECHULE2000NIAN、2010NIANHE2020NIANYIQIANJIANGCAIQUDECUOSHIHEDAZHIJIHUA。TONGNIAN11YUEDEMANILAHUIYISHANG,ZHEIXIEJIHUADEYIZHENGSHIGONGBU,BINGYUCINIANQISHIXING。

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